« Tests, Essais + Expérimentations » is the topic of this year’s Orphan Symposium, hosted by the Cinémathèque française and the New York University. It will take place from 2-4 March during the film festival « Toute la Mémoire du Monde » (1-5 March 2017) at the Cinémathèque française.
The Orphan Symposium lays the focus on the margins: amateur and home movies, experimental artists, medical attractions, rushes from master pieces, outtakes and leftovers from newsreels and documentaries. Scholars, researchers and curators from European and International film archives will discuss how to preserve, present and research these large but often hidden collections. How to situate tests and experimentation in the histories of cinema and visual culture?
On Saturday, 4 March, Thomas Christensen (Danish Film Institute) will present the results of the FORWARD project. FORWARD has built a tool that supports film archives in assessing the rights status of films and identifying orphan works.
You can access the full programme here
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Newly restored and previously unseen 90mm films by Étienne-Jules Marey, ca. 1894-1900
« Tests, Essais + Expérimentations » is the topic of this year’s Orphan Symposium, hosted by the Cinémathèque française and New York University. It will take place from 2-4 March during Toute la mémoire du monde, the International Festival of Film Restoration (1-5 March 2017) at the Cinémathèque française.
Scholars, researchers, and archivists are invited to explore a variety of neglected films: those derived from experimental and alternative uses of film; technical tests of any sort; production elements, including outtakes, alternate takes, screen tests, dailies, and deleted footage; unreleased or incomplete films maudits; unedited or unidentified footage; compilation reels and found footage; avant-garde cinema and nontheatrical films. What are the challenges of preserving and presenting these voluminous but often hidden collections? How should we document, archive, and research these film elements? How can we situate tests and experimentation in the histories of cinema and visual culture?
Registration gives access to both the Orphan Film Symposium and all five days and nights of Festival Toute la Mémoire du monde. The fee is 200 USD ($100 for students, retirees, and the underemployed). Simultaneous French and English translations provided.
« Toute la mémoire du monde » offers 90 screenings, roundtables, master classes, and cine-concerts, as well as an international symposium about the future of cinémathèques (1 March), and other presentations.
Around 90 representatives from cultural heritage institutions all over Europe, researchers, copyright experts and EUCOM policy officers participated in the conference « Digitisation of Cultural Heritage and Orphan Works » to discuss the impact of Directive 2012/28/EU and discover new tools to make the Directive work in practice.
In his speech, Marco Giorello, Deputy Head of the Copyright Unit at the Commission, pointed out that the « Diligent Search is the engine of the Orphan Works Directive », and that its overall aim is to provide results as useful as possible. He recognizes that the way the Directive was implemented in some countries was not always « very practically ». This is the case when member states include sources which are not relevant for the Diligent Search or when stakeholders deliver information only against payment. Giorello promised to look into these obstacles and help to make the Directive function. Nicola Mazzanti, president of the Association des Cinémathèques Européennes (ACE), underlined that the Directive is not the « overnight solution » to all problems regarding digitisation and access, but « a tool that tries to solve a specific problem in a very complicated field ». Cultural heritage institutions must adapt to use this tool. He also stated that the transactional costs to carry out a Diligent Search are too high, especially in the audiovisual heritage sector, where beneficiaries must search for several authors. Natacha Lenaerts from the Economy Federal Public Service introduced the transposition of the Orphan Works Directive into Belgian law which officially happened on 29th of November, one day prior to the conference.
According to the Directive, each work declared orphan must be registered in the European Orphan Works Database that is managed by the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO). Gyta Berasneviciute-Singh, copyright specialist at EUIPO, explained the registration process and the different functionalities of Database.
Frédéric Lemmers, Head of digitisation at the Royal Library of Belgium, spoke about the challenges of the Orphan Works Directive for his institution. While he recognizes the advantages of the Directive, performing a Diligent Search is still too time consuming, in particular when it comes to newspapers where two-thirds of the articles are published anonymously or unsigned.
The morning session closed with a introduction into the FORWARD project by Davy Hanegreefs, project coordinator at the CINEMATEK Brussels. The FORWARD system has been designed to support users in the assessment of the right status of audiovisual works, in perfoming the Diligent Search and deciding if a particular work is orphan or not. At the afternoon workshop, Gabriella Scipione, project manager at CINECA (Bologna), the technical partner responsible for building the FORWARD system, presented the tool, its functionalities and services in more detail to an interested audience.
The conference was jointly organised by FORWARD, CINEMATEK and the Royal Library of Belgium.
The Orphan Works Directive, adopted in 2012, set out to foster digitisation and unlock Europe’s cultural heritage for education, research and other cultural purposes, but how does it work in practice?
The conference « Digitisation of cultural heritage and orphan works » is a joint event of the Royal Library of Belgium and the FORWARD project, coordinated by CINEMATEK. It aims at presenting new tools to identify Orphan Works as well as digitisation projects carried out at national and European level.
During the morning session, the Commission’s Media Policy Directorate will introduce into the scope of the Directive. Nicola Mazzanti (President of the Association of European Cinematheques) will give an insight into the challenges and prospects of the OWD for audiovisual works, while N. Lenaerts (Federal Public Service Economy) will speak about its transposition into Belgian law. Orphan works uses cases and new tools for printed as well as audiovisual material will be presented by the Royal Library and the FORWARD project. The Commission’s Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) will present the EU Online Database for Orphan Works.
In the afternoon, a more hands-on workshop will demonstrate how the FORWARD system supports the assessment of the copyright status and the diligent search for audiovisual works. It’s the first public presentation of the FORWARD system, which will be finally released in January 2017.
You can access the conference programme (English version) here Conference programme in French and Dutch
Venue: Royal Library of Belgium, Mont des Arts, 1000 Brussels (Royal Sky Room, 6th floor) Date: 30th of November 2016, 9.30 – 16.30h Registration is free of charge, but upon inscription. Please register before 25th of November hereunder: http://tinyurl.com/zjlv98h
We are pleased to announce that the FORWARD final conference « Digitisation of heritage and orphan works », a joint event of the Royal Library of Belgium and the FORWARD project, will take place on 30 November in Brussels.
Venue: Royal Library of Belgium, Mont des Arts, 1000 Brussels
More information to follow!
The International Syposium will provide an opportunity for stakeholders within the public and private sector to discuss the future copyright reforms as well as to explore the measures to provide a balance between creators and consumers, understand the new proposal reforms on Copyright, its legal aspects, as well as its benefits and flaws in order to move towards a EU digital single market, with access to content guaranteed across all Member States.
The afternoon session is dedicated to rethinking copyright rules: Text and Data Mining, Digitisation and Access to Out-of-Commerce Works, Freedom of Panorama.
You can access the full programme, speaker’s list and the registration form here.
The Harvard Library has published a report on existing legal tools under US copyright law that help to significantly manage and reduce risks of providing open access to orphan works. It aims at helping digitizers to move beyond risk by giving an understanding how existing law solutions can be channelled into a comprehensive legal strategy for using orphan works.
In cooperation with DPLA (Digital Library of America), Europeana has created internationally standardized rights labels: rightsstatements.org. Works that have been identfied orphan compliant to the Directive 2012/28/EU will be labelled « In Copyright – EU Orphan Work ». Until November 2016, Europeana is replacing 4 of the existing rights statements with these new rights statements.
In the frame of the ABCinema Plus project a one day workshop « Rights Issues for Film in Education » will be held at the Deutsches Filminstut in Frankfurt on 13 April 2016. Providing critical viewing skills is key for young generations to understand the visual culture around them. European film archives have a longstanding expertise in teaching what film is – a language, an art form, an expression of human activity. They offer varied film literacy activities (workshops, screenings, seminars, guided tours etc.) for different user and age groups. However, the legal framework under which film archives and cinema institutions carry out these activities is more often than not unclear. Aim of the workshop is to provide a better understanding of the coypright exceptions for ecucational purposes and how these work (or not) across Europe.
Special attention will be given to the Orphan Works Directive, the only copyright exception that has been harmonized across the member states. Chances and obstacles of the orphan works legislation for European film archives will be explained using the example of FORWARD. The workshop is open to the professional public.
On 23 March 2016, the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (OHIM) has changed its name to the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO). From 23 March the web address will be www.euipo.europa.eu.